• Communications in Trandisciplinary Teams

Communications in Transdisciplinary Teams

Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano & Shalini Misra (Editors)

Table of Contents............................................................................................. v

Preface............................................................................................................... xi

Introduction: Communication in Inter- and Trans-disciplinary Teams. 1
Julie Thompson Klein, Shalini Misra, Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano

Literature................................................................................................................................................. 2

The Role of Language......................................................................................................................... 4

Collaborative Reasoning, Action, and Competence.................................................................... 5

Platforms, Cultures, and Conflict..................................................................................................... 6

Mutual and Integrative Learning...................................................................................................... 7

Collaboration Knowledge................................................................................................................... 9

References............................................................................................................................................ 13

Chapter 1: Transdisciplinary Knowledge Producing Teams: Team Processes, Knowledge, Skills, and Competencies............................................................................................. 19
Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano, Shalini Misra

Chapter Objectives............................................................................................................................ 19

Introduction to the Chapter............................................................................................................ 19

Background.......................................................................................................................................... 20

Features of Transdisciplinary Knowledge Producing Teams (TDKPTs)........................... 26

Structural Systemic Complexities................................................................................................... 36

Interactive Systemic Complexities................................................................................................. 40

Conclusion: Viewing Transdisciplinary Learning and Engagement through a Complexity Lens 43

Questions to Further the Discourse.............................................................................................. 45

References............................................................................................................................................ 45

Chapter 2: What Is Collaborative, Interdisciplinary Reasoning? The Heart of Interdisciplinary Team Research.................................................................................................. 55
Bethany K. Laursen

Chapter Objectives............................................................................................................................ 55

Introduction to the Chapter............................................................................................................ 55

Collaborative, Interdisciplinary Reasoning.................................................................................. 57

Collaborative, Interdisciplinary Reasoning Qualified............................................................... 74

Conclusion........................................................................................................................................... 75

Questions to Further the Discourse.............................................................................................. 76

References............................................................................................................................................ 76

Chapter 3: Communicative Processes in Trans-Sector Transdisciplinary Collaborations 91
Chitvan Trivedi, Shalini Misra

Chapter Objectives............................................................................................................................ 91

Introduction to the Chapter............................................................................................................ 91

Background.......................................................................................................................................... 92

Social Entrepreneurship and Trans-Sector Transdisciplinary Problem-Solving............... 93

Toward Social Change: Understanding the Ecology of the Social Problem...................... 95

Research Methodology..................................................................................................................... 98

Findings and Emerging Theory................................................................................................... 102

The Process of Social Change: The Case of SEWA Bank.................................................... 110

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................... 113

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 115

References.......................................................................................................................................... 115

Chapter 4: A New Paradigm for Research Organization: Academic Leadership in Transdisciplinary Science Teams................................................................................................... 123
Elina I. Mäkinen

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 123

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 123

Background........................................................................................................................................ 124

Conceptualizing Leadership in Transdisciplinary Science.................................................... 126

Methodology..................................................................................................................................... 129

Creating Adaptive Dynamics........................................................................................................ 132

Enabling Leadership Practices...................................................................................................... 134

Administrative Leadership and the Management of Transdisciplinary Science.............. 138

Discussion: Establishing Entanglement and Interdependency in a New Transdisciplinary Environment 140

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................... 142

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 142

References.......................................................................................................................................... 143

Chapter 5: Facilitating Innovation in Interdisciplinary Teams: The Role of Leaders and Integrative Communication......................................................................... 149
Maritza R. Salazar, Theresa K. Lant

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 149

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 149

Background........................................................................................................................................ 150

Methods.............................................................................................................................................. 154

Multidisciplinary Breadth of Leader Experience..................................................................... 155

Results................................................................................................................................................. 157

Comparative Case Analysis: Exploring Leader Communication Behaviors.................... 160

Findings.............................................................................................................................................. 163

Discussion and Conclusion........................................................................................................... 167

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 169

References.......................................................................................................................................... 169

Chapter 6: Knowledge Sharing in Teams: Shifting Paradigms in Information Flow 177
Megan Potterbusch, Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 177

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 177

Background........................................................................................................................................ 178

What is Open Science Theory (OST)?....................................................................................... 181

Tools and Technology in Open Science and Team Science................................................ 181

Open Workflow Technology in Team Scholarship................................................................ 185

Open Science Readiness in Teams and Their Stakeholder Communities........................ 188

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................... 193

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 194

References.......................................................................................................................................... 195

Chapter 7: A Social Machine for Transdisciplinary Research............... 203
David G. Lebow

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 203

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 203

Three Problems in Performing a Transdisciplinary Literature Review............................. 205

Social Machine Components and Features............................................................................... 210

Three Examples of Machine-Assisted Sensemaking.............................................................. 216

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................... 221

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 221

References.......................................................................................................................................... 222

Chapter 8: Challenges and Opportunities in Conducting Collaborative Transdisciplinary Research (TDR): A Case from a Small Academic Institution in Puerto Rico 227
Nilda G. Medina, Loggina S. Báez, Loyda B. Méndez

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 227

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 228

Background........................................................................................................................................ 229

Development of TD and CBPR Research Infrastructure.................................................... 233

Implementation of TD and CBPR Research Initiative......................................................... 237

Sustainability of TD and CBPR Research Efforts.................................................................. 240

Challenges and Lessons Learned................................................................................................. 242

Conclusion......................................................................................................................................... 246

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 246

Acknowledgements......................................................................................................................... 247

References.......................................................................................................................................... 247

Chapter 9: Transdisciplinary Communication in Research Teams: Institutional Constructs and Practices from a Uruguayan Perspective
Bianca Vienni Baptista, Maria Goñi Mazzitelli, Florencia Ferrigno Came....... 253

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 253

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 254

Background........................................................................................................................................ 255

Methodology..................................................................................................................................... 263

Findings.............................................................................................................................................. 270

Discussion and Conclusions......................................................................................................... 281

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 284

References.......................................................................................................................................... 285

Chapter 10: A Multifaceted Discipline-Agnostic Approach to Training Transdisciplinary Teams in Communication............................................................................................... 293
Sawsan Khuri

Chapter Objectives.......................................................................................................................... 293

Introduction to the Chapter.......................................................................................................... 293

Team Communication Training in Different Settings........................................................... 295

Identifying the Core Competencies............................................................................................ 297

Conclusions....................................................................................................................................... 303

Questions to Further the Discourse........................................................................................... 304

References.......................................................................................................................................... 305

Emerging Directions in the ‘Science of Team Science’: An Interview with Professor Daniel Stokols.............................................................................................................. 309
Daniel Stokols, Shalini Misra, Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano

Introduction....................................................................................................................................... 309

Interview............................................................................................................................................. 310

References.......................................................................................................................................... 323

Editor Information....................................................................................... 329

Special Contributors..................................................................................... 330

Author Information...................................................................................... 331

Index................................................................................................................. 337Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano & Shalini Misra (Editors)Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano & Shalini Misra (Editors)

Communications in Trandisciplinary Teams

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